Wednesday, February 13, 2019

SearchResearch Challenge (2/13/19): What's the story... of these ruined buildings?

Last week I was visiting Napa Valley... 

... and since it was a beautiful spring day, I went out for a bit of drone flying.  

I drove around for a bit, knowing full well that there are lots of rural roads that are dead ends, going part way up into the hills and then abruptly stopping.   I figured that I could pause for a few minutes of flying and get some nice aerial shots of the valley.  

Napa Valley in the spring.  Vineyards on the left and right, pasture in the middle.  

I was a bit surprised when the dead end road turned out to have two large stone gate posts.  That looked interesting, but I didn't think much of it until I started to fly my drone up the small canyon and discovered a fairly large cluster of buildings that had been long abandoned and fallen into ruin.  That was a surprise.  I was in a very rural part of Napa--what was this doing here?  

round building lost in Napa

As you can see from the image of the round building just above and the video below (link to the YouTube video), there are quite a set of buildings up this remote Napa canyon.  They're just past the stone gates--out of sight from the road, and out of mind of the good people of Napa.  

As you watch the video you see what looks like a long, rectangular building that seems a little like a castle, complete with crenelation.  Near to that is a rather large circular building that seems like it was once several stories tall.  

This spontaneous drone flight posed a mystery for me:  What's going on here?  

What's the story with these buildings? 

In particular, what's the story of that large, round building?  

The drone didn't have any EXIF metadata, so there's no map data here to share.  

However, I found that if you work just with what you see, you too can figure out the backstory here.  

What / Why / How did these buildings come to be here?  

The story I found is fascinating and deserves to be better known.  But when I ask around, I find that almost nobody in Napa or in the rest of California knows anything about this.  

Can you uncover the story here?  

Let us know what you find out... and as importantly, HOW you found it out!  

Search on!  

Tuesday, February 12, 2019

A survey about a subtitle...

As you know... 

I have a book coming out in late spring, and I need my crack SRS team-wisdom about the best possible subtitle. 

My book "The Joy of Finding Out," is 20 stories (mostly inspired by this blog!) about how to do smart, effective, accurate research with Google and online resources. 

Of the possible subtitles listed in the poll below, which would lead you to buy the book? Which is most intriguing to you? 

Link to the survey form 

Thursday, February 7, 2019

Answer: What's the story? Steel in the sand (A new series)

Whenever I see something that doesn't make sense to me...

... or when it's something that just kind of sticks out... something that doesn't match the rest of the background... my first reaction is to say "Huh!"  When I hear myself saying that, I find myself growing curious.  

In last week's Challenge I asked:  

What's the story ... behind these two pieces of steel sticking up out of the beach sand?  

Link to the original photo (#1) - About 2.4 meters tall.

Link to the original photo (#2) - About 2m tall and 100m north of #1.

They clearly don't belong there, and from appearances, they've been there for quite a while. So... 

What's the story ...? 

Once I made it back to my hotel room, I first pulled up Google Maps for the area.  (Here I just used the lat/long that I left in the comment.)  

Why that step?  Because you often learn a lot about a location by just looking around on a map of the area.  

And, amazingly enough, my drop pin (the red pin in the map above) is right next to something that's labeled Steel beam.  You've GOT to be kidding me!  I find this strange chunk of steel sticking out of the sand and it's on the map??  

Even more amazingly, there are reviews of the Steel Beam (but as you'll quick figure out, the reviews are for the beach, not the beam, although people do take photos of the beam and paste them in their reviews).  


Usually when I look at a map like this, I also zoom out a bit and look around, taking note of the local places names.  Often they'll give clues to what's happening here, or you can see some traces of history in the ground.  Here's what I saw: 

I took note of the name of the nearby point ("Coal Oil Point") and the presence of two large oil tanks (the white circles near the center), and the place names "Devereux Lagoon" and  "Ellwood Mesa."  

Fascinating.  There's something going on here.  Given the name of the point and the oil tanks (and knowing that the nearby Santa Barbara channel is a bit oil production site), I started wondering about former oil production facilities .  But while I'm curious, I keep my  my next query pretty generic: 

     [ steel beam beach Goleta ] 

This gives me a bunch of images of the beach, but also a link to a PDF from about the city's efforts to clean up the beach.  As the report notes: 

"Extensive oil and gas operations occurred along the City’s Ellwood coastline during the early and mid-20th century. When these operations ceased, the infrastructure created to support the operations were not properly abandoned. As a result, the Ellwood coastline is littered with remnant oil and gas operations hazards. These hazards include protruding wellheads and well casings, wood and steel piles, pipelines, and wood beams and structures..." 

Three things from this:  (1) this location is historically known as the "Ellwood coastline."  That's useful to know.  (2) there were a lot of oil and gas operations here.   (3) there are probably still steel piles left on the beach.  

As the report also says, "Remnant hazards include protruding wellheads and well casings, wood and steel piles, H piles and H beams..."  So now we know more useful terms: "H beam" and "H pile."  

And if you're careful, and read farther down in that report, you'll find a really familiar photo on page 55: 

So now we know a bit about the what of these beams.  They're clearly leftover structural steel from the piers and oil gear that was here earlier.  The oil companies didn't do a great cleanup job, mostly just abandoning tons of gear in place.  

Another result: gives an extensive history of this beach (variously called "Steel Beam Beach"  "Haskell's Beach" or "Coal Oil Point Beach," depending on the source.  A key illustration in that website is the USGS map of the area from 1951 showing a LOT of oil industry piers and buildings.  

It's pretty clear what happened.  These beams are leftovers from the extensive oil industry piers and oil wells that once dominated the area.  

That's interesting, but not much of a story.  Is there anything else going on here?  

Often, a great way to get some interesting information about a place is to search for history about a place.  I tried [ history Coal Oil Point ] and found fairly quiet / boring stuff.  I also tried [ history Haskell's beach ] and had another set of nice, but not compelling results. (Reading about the Devereux family moving to the point, planting trees, and the leaving just wasn't that exciting.)  

Finally, I tried: 

     [ history Ellwood beach ] 

and found a remarkable story.  Here's what my SERP looked like:  

Just reading this is astounding.  "Attack on Ellwood"?  "Bombardment of Ellwood"?  What happened here? 

I did a bit of lateral browsing to open several tabs in parallel on the topics.  I was looking for a diverse set of sources (and not the same story told over and over again) on history of Ellwood beach, the oil business, and the attack of a Japanese submarine during WW2.  

A particularly rich source of information came from the Goleta History blog: which has the dates, events, and history of the attack (February 23, 1942). This also led to the Bombardment of Ellwood Wikipedia story, with a bit more colorful details.  But the bottom line is this..  

TL;DR version:  Early in World War II, the I-17, a Japanese submarine that was 365 feet long, surfaced outside the oil complex at sunset and lobbed roughly 17 shells at the Ellwood oil complex.  There was only minor damage: one derrick and a pump house were destroyed, but little else happened.  The oil tanks that were the targets escaped without damage.  

Of course, for a story this striking, you want to get a bit of confirmation.  I did a search on Google Books, and switched to the Newspapers mode of Google Books.  

Yes, that's right:  Archival Newspapers are now a part of Google Books!  To search on Newspapers, click on the Tools button on the right, then select Newspapers to search just the archival news.  

Which leads to many contemporary news stories.  Here's one from Saint Petersburg... 

Interestingly, the sub’s captain: “…. as a naval reserve officer, Nishino had commanded a pre-war merchant ship that sailed through the Santa Barbara Channel. His ship had once stopped at the Ellwood Oil Field to take on a cargo of oil.”  So he knew the place. 

This kind of astounding.  I knew there had been a few attacks, but I didn't know one had happened at "Steel Beam Beach."  

But the story continues...  

As I read a bit further about the attack on the Goleta coastline, I read that this fairly minor shelling spread panic along the coast.  This ultimately lead to “The Battle of Los Angeles on the next night.  It was a huge and panicky reaction to a supposed attack.  From the Wiki article:  

“The United States Coast Artillery Association [in LA] identified a meteorological balloon sent up at 1:00 a.m. that "started all the shooting" and concluded that "once the firing started, imagination created all kinds of targets in the sky and everyone joined in". In 1983, the U.S. Office of Air Force History attributed the event to a case of "war nerves" triggered by a lost weather balloon and exacerbated by stray flares and shell bursts from adjoining batteries.” 

While the Ellwood shelling was minor, the panicky LA response caused lots of real damage:  

“Several buildings and vehicles were damaged by shell fragments, and five civilians died as an indirect result of the anti-aircraft fire: three killed in car accidents in the ensuing chaos and two of heart attacks attributed to the stress of the hour-long action.”  
Much more damage was done by an panic reaction to a weather balloon than was ever done by the actual shelling on the beach.  

"Probably much of the confusion came from the fact that anti-aircraft shell bursts, caught by the searchlights, were themselves mistaken for enemy planes. In any case, the next three hours produced some of the most imaginative reporting of the war: "swarms" of planes (or, sometimes, balloons) of all possible sizes, numbering from one to several hundred, traveling at altitudes which ranged from a few thousand feet to more than 20,000 and flying at speeds which were said to have varied from "very slow" to over 200 miles per hour, were observed to parade across the skies. These mysterious forces dropped no bombs and, despite the fact that 1,440 rounds of anti-aircraft ammunition were directed against them, suffered no losses. There were reports, to be sure, that four enemy planes had been shot down, and one was supposed to have landed in flames at a Hollywood intersection."

Here's some of the coverage by the local paper, the L.A. Times: 

Image from Wikipedia.  Page B of the February 26, 1942, Los Angeles Times,

So, what's the story here?  

The steel beams are leftovers from a large oil complex, including multiple piers, oil tanks, pipelines, and production gear.  This complex was shelled during the early part of WW2 by a Japanese submarine, leaving minor damage behind.  But the next day, the shelling caused an enormous panic in a war-jittery Los Angeles, leading to an immense fire fight... with an imaginary opponent, leaving several people dead, and immense amounts of property damage.  

Search Lessons 

I have a few insights from this week's Challenge.  

1.  A story can arise from unexpected connections.  Fairly often when I'm doing these SearchResearches, I come across a connection that I didn't know about and didn't expect.  The best stories come from these connections that lead to something interesting--in this case, the Battle for Los Angeles.  Even though I grew up in L.A., I didn't know about this.  (I can imagine everyone was pretty embarrassed about the whole thing, so it didn't get a lot of play in the local press, and it just faded from collective memory.)  

2.  Checking maps often leads to insights.  Much to my surprise, the steel beam I found on the beach was marked on the map.  I completely didn't expect that!  What's more--I learned a lot of local place names (Ellwood, Coal Oil Point, etc.)  that proved useful in later searches.  

3.  Local governments are a great source of information about a place.  Even though the document was about "beach cleanup," the Goleta city plan for cleanup also gave us a lot of historical information.  It's a great place to find context for things like this.  

4. You can find archival newspapers through Google Books.  In the past, the News Archive was a separate product.  Now it's part of Google Books, and easily searchable once again.  Whenever you do history searches, remember to check this out first.  It's very easy, free, and handy.  

We'll talk more about finding the backstory (and what it means to find these kinds of connections).  I hope you enjoyed this first in the "What's the story?" series.  If you enjoyed this, let me know, and we'll do more like this. 

Wednesday, January 30, 2019

SearchResearch Challenge (1/30/19): What's the story? Steel in the sand (A new series)

As you know, I often ask questions...

... about the world, about things I notice, about interesting places, people, and events that folks point out to me. 

I thought I'd try to pull together some of these observational questions into a new series on SearchResearch called "What's the story?" 

Each "What's the Story?" Challenge will be an open-ended question that asks you, the SearchResearcher, to figure out what's going on in the image. 

As I've written SRS over the years, I've discovered that almost everything is fascinating if you just dig a little bit into what's going on under the surface. 

The Challenge this week is the first in the What's the Story? series.  See if you can't figure out, what's the story behind these images. 

Recently, while walking on the beach near the Southern California town of Goleta (just north of Santa Barbara) I came across two different pieces of steel that were sticking up out of the sand.  They're about 100 meters apart, both buried vertically in the beach sand.  This struck me as odd--this was in an ecological preserve, after all--so what are they doing there? 

What's the story ... behind these two pieces of steel sticking up out of the beach sand?  

Link to the original photo (#1) - About 2.4 meters tall.

Link to the original photo (#2) - About 2m tall and 100m north of #1.

The Challenge is not just to figure out what these are ("Hey Dan, these are big pieces of steel stuck in the sand!"), but to dig into the backstory.  How did they get there?  

If you're like me, you can spend many happy hours doing background research to understand the story behind the image. 

But the perfect answer is to find how something truly interesting about the backstory, tell us what you've found (and, as always how you found it).  

I spent about 2 hours doing my research on this Challenge.  You don't have to spend nearly as long.. unless you get really interested.  It was a huge surprise to me.  

Next week I'll let you know what I found, and how I found it.  

Search on!  

Wednesday, January 23, 2019

Answer: Gipsy Kings questions--What language and what's that musical practice?

I admit it:  Music completely absorbs me... 

... taking up most of my cognitive capacity.  That's why I can't listen to music as I work--my brain can't NOT pay close attention.    

When I went to see the Gipsy Kings in a concert I was enchanted and fully engaged--although that didn't stop me from taking note of a few items that sparked my curiosity.  As I assume you do, I always have a piece of paper and a pen to jot down these questions that I don't want to answer then and there, but things to look-up when I get home.  

If you look at my notes, you'll see them full of funny markings--the "look up" code (L/U) appears like this: 

     O - L/U what language is Wil Wajiwi ?  

At least that's what I wrote down during the concert.  It's a great way to remember all of those things you'd like to learn, but can't seem to remember when you get home.  

Gipsy Kings in concert (Mountain Winery, August, 2018)  

Remember that the lyrics of that song include the very mysterious passage:  

     Wil Majiwi
     Wilana wil Majiwi wilmajai

I understand enough Spanish to know that this ain't Spanish.  So... 

1.  What language IS this lyric (Wil Majiwi...)?  

I thought that this might be tricky, so I started with a simple query: 

     [ "majiwi" ] 

That is, I double-quoted it so Google wouldn't try to spell-correct it or give any synonyms.  This trick is an important one to use when searching for unusual spellings or words in languages you don't know.  

But while this query gave me lots of lyrics (e.g., the full lyrics of the song), I didn't learn much about the language per se.  I was hoping to find a commentary about the song that might say what the language was, or perhaps find that it was a place name.  Neither tactic worked.  Although I did find that some sources show the lyrics as: 
Wil majiwi wilnana
Wil machiwi wilmaqay
while some have last word as "wilnana."  

My next attempt was: 

     [ define "majiwi" ] 

This gave me a bunch of results, many of which I opened as separate tabs ("lateral browsing"), opening 4 or 5 results at a time to quickly scan between them.  

I found one clue that "Majiwi" refers to an Australian Aboriginal tribe (as noted in the book An Ethnography of Stress: The Social Determinants of Health in Aboriginal Australia but that's probably not what I was seeking.  

On the other hand, I DID discover that a musician by the name of Titi Robin played both the bouzouk and the oud on the track.   The bouzouk (also spelled buzuq) and the oud are common in Middle Eastern / Turkish music. They're added to the mix to give the tune that particular kind of sound.  This might be a hint.  (As Regular Reader Luís Miguel Viterbo points out,".. it might be a Maghreb dialect of Arabic."  Perhaps.)  

While I got a lot of results, none of them really answered my question.  What to do next?  

I also tried to find an online language identification tool  [ language identification tool ], but that didn't work out.  The only one I could find online (LangScape) identified this text as Kekchi, an indigenous Mayan language of Belize.  Could be; but I bet not.  I don't think the Gipsy Kings have any Mayan in their background, nor have they visited Belize.   

However, like Remmij, I also noticed the "People also ask" box as I was doing my searching:  

Clicking on the FAQ link takes you to the site where they say the Kings sing in Gitane, a combination of Spanish, French, and Catalan.  

That would seem to answer the question.  

But Luís Miguel's comment made me think that maybe there's something else going on here.  

JUST TO CHECK... I did a site: search on the site to look for other mentions of language: 

     [ language ] 

that gave me 27 hits--not too many.  I started checking them out and found this intriguing comment in one of the forums:  "And all bets are off when they're singing in what I assume to be Caló..."  

What's Caló?  A quick check on Wikipedia tells me that it's is a language spoken by the Spanish and Portuguese Romani. It is a mixed language based on Romance grammar, often used as an argot, a secret language for discreet communication amongst Iberian Romani. 

Again, from the site--a link to a Vancouver Sun newspaper article that tells us "The Kings speak and sing in the French Provencal and northern Spanish Catalan dialects in addition to the gypsies' own Romany language..."  

So... we don't have definitive proof, but it's clearly NOT Spanish or Portugese, but is most likely to be Gitane, Caló, or Romany...or some blend of all three.  In any case, the words spoken / sung / written in the lyrics are something not in common parlance.  There are still some mysteries in the world.  

2.  As I was sitting in the concert, I was struck by the number of times they would sing in long, beautiful, intricate phrases, spending quite a while varying a single note up and down.  It occurred to me that this musical technique MUST have a name.  I'd like to know more about this practice, but to search for it, I need to know what to search for--so... what's this called? 

I liked Remmij's search--the query: 

     [ what is it called singing a single note in a variety of ways ] 

gives a nice answer:  

My query was a variation on this search: 

     [ singing many pitches on a single syllable ] 

which gets you to the idea of melisma.  

A quick YouTube search for [ melisma ]  leads to a bunch of nice instructional videos:  Kim Chandler's (Voice Council Magazine) instructional videoMariah Carey's melisma is famous (as is her incredible whistle tone super-high pitched melisma); and a compilation of melismatic passages video.  

Search Research Lessons 

Three big lessons from this week:  

1.  Not everything has a simple answer!  It turns out that my simple note to myself ("what language is...") isn't easily answerable.  At least not yet!  At some point, some journalist might well ask this question, and we'll get the answer from the source.  But at the moment... it's still a mystery.  

2.  Take notes and remember to look things up later.  I didn't want to look up the language while attending the concert.  (I wouldn't be that rude!)  But I did want to remember to check.  While it's a simple thing, looking up things that you've noticed throughout the day (or the concert) enriches your understanding of the world.  Take notes!  (And remember to check your notes when you get home.)  

3.  A simple description of the thing you seek often works really well.  In searching for that singing style, the fastest search is a short description that contains all of the key features (in this case, multiple pitches on a single syllable).  

As always, search on!  

(book update)    

 The Joy of Finding Out    All of the copyedits got turned in on Monday of this week--exactly on schedule.  I get one more iteration on copyediting, then on to the full resolution galleys!  Forward progress was made!