Thursday, March 7, 2013

Answer: Who started the library?

It's a beautiful image, but in order to start, I had to zoom in on the image to read the inscription.  Once zoomed in, I could read the  name:  George Hicks Fancher. 

A quick search on that name shows me that it’s pretty rare, but that there a cluster of Fanchers in Central California (in the middle of that areas rich agricultural land, especially near the city of Merced). 

Like most of you, I found the LA Times article from 1988 

That gave me one version of the story.  It also confirmed that I had the right location in Merced. 

But I really wanted  some confirmation of the story, so I did a search in Google Books

Books:  [ George Hicks Fancher ]

and quickly found the judgment of the court in an issue of “The Pacific Reporter” (which is, as the “About this book” metadata tells me, the “all the decisions of the Supreme Courts of California, Kansas, …”  So now I could read about the court case!  

Later in this judgment, the court *reverses* the judgment of a lower court, which had found for the appelante.  “The full amount of the fund devoted to the purpose, or such part as they see fit, may be expended in the erection of a monument to the deceased.  It is merely held that the erection of a public building is not within the intent of the testator as expressed in his will.” 

What I found especially interesting was that the suit was brought by Jonathan W. Fancher against Lee R. Fancher.  This sounds a bit like a sibling squabble that was resolved in the courts! 

My next search:

[ Merced obelisk ]

confirmed that this was the very same one.  I got the lat/long from the Waymarking site (a collection of interesting places)  and I confirmed it with Google Streetview. 

(I also learned that I shouldn’t pay attention to the city of “Tuttle,” which never came up in these searches.)

So, what library WOULD have been constructed with the monies?  Probably the Merced library, so I started searching for the history of that library. 

I figured I’d start with Google News, hoping to find some mention about the library in the local news.  My next query was in Google News:

News:  ["Merced city library" ]

I was going to search through the Archives, but I was struck by the fact that I only had 1 result!  That happens so rarely that I had to click through.  In this case, it was a Pintrest post  labeled “Headquarters - Merced County FreeLibrary & Merced City Library, March 1915

Fascinating.  This one Pintrest photo ALSO taught me that maybe the right phrase wasn’t “city library” but “Merced County Free Library”!  Perhaps I’d been making an assumption that back in 1900 it would have been a city library rather than a country library.  And that term “free”—was that also part of the name? 

Armed with this insight, my next query was for

web:  [ "Merced county free library" ]

and that was paydirt.  I quickly found the Merced library’s archive, their centennial celebration site,  and in there, I learned about the work of Antoinette M. Humphreys.

It’s clear from this page that she wrote a book “How the Merced County Free Library System Has Been Worked Out” (July, 1911). 

So I popped back to Google Books with the title as a query…

And I found it in an issue of the Library Journal (v 36, 1911). 

Reading in the Library Journal article told me that the initial bequest of books was from the Merced Book Club, the County Teachers Library, and the “W.T.C.U.”   The journal also notes that many volumes were also lent from the State Library as a kind of interlibrary loan.  But the core of the collection came from the Book Club, the County Teachers Library and the WTCU. 

Interesting.  I already knew about the “WCTU”  but had never heard of the WTCU.  Were the letters just swapped, or was there another organization I didn’t know about.  A quick check, and it became clear that this was just a typo.  It really was the “Women’s Christian Temperance Union.” 

As you probably know, the WCTU was a powerful force in the late 1800’s – early 1900’s in the US.  They were a powerful advocate for “temperance” in any kind of drink, and they largely drove the adoption of the 18th Amendment, leading to Prohibition. 

I checked the online catalog at the Merced County library, but couldn’t find any way to figure out what the original collection contained, so I can’t quite figure out what books were given to the library initially.  I’ll try giving them a call later today to see if they have that information. 

I did discover that the Merced County library offers book in English, Spanish, Armenian, and—much to my surprise—Punjabi!  I knew there are substantial Hispanic and Armenian populations there, but the Punjabis surprised me. 

I DID find that the Merced library has a book of some interest, one that was possibly in the initial bequest from the WCTU:  A history of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union of Northern and Central California / written by request of the State Convention of 1911, by Mrs. Dorcas James Spencer.  (They gave their books TITLES in those days.) 

Oddly enough, even though Google digitized the book, you can’t read it on Google Books.  Luckily, the Hathi Trust has made it available.  Fascinating reading, if you want insight into the minds of the temperance movement at the time.

Search Lessons:  There are many here... 

1.  Stay open to things you learn along the way.  That one Pintrest post gave me the right name for the library.  I sure I could have found it another way, but it was a quick and direct link to the library's centennial page. 

2.  Note that legal documents can often have a wealth of interesting background information.  For example, it was brother-against-brother.  

3.  It's sometimes useful to keep looking beyond Google's boundaries.  In this case, I was able to get from the Google Books page to the Hathi Trust.  You should know about the Hathi Trust, as they have made lots of content available that's just not possible to get in any other way.  

4.  And finally, sometimes you really just need to zoom in a bit to get enough detail to proceed with your search.  

Keep searching! 


  1. Posted by Daniel M. Russell at 8:18 AM
    this answer seems out of character for a DMR explanation - don't believe he wrote it. Why the ruse? DBE... who really deserves the credit for this answer?

    1. The truth is, I'm on a mini-vacation in the Sierras and I slept in this morning.

  2. Dr. Russell,this Challenge has many search lessons as you say. And now, the answer has even more lessons. When searching I tried terms like "county" "Robert Gracey" ( I thought he was the clue when I started the search) and some others as you and fellow searchers did ,with no results.

    I have some questions if possible. Book metada is the snippet that the link shows next to the Book Image, right? The other question is that I went to the link of Library Journal in books and I couldn´t read the article there, can you tell me please what I did wrong?

    Thank You.

  3. I am having the same problem. I can get the The Pacific Reporter Page 206 but can only view 3 or 4 lines. Never had this problem before. No indication that views have reached their limit like I have seen previously. Has something changed with google.books? or is it all of us trying??

    1. Hmmm... I don't know what's happening with that. When I click on the link, I can see the entire document. Are you searching for it, or are you actually going

      If that still doesn't work, can you email me a screencap of what you're seeing?

  4. I did search in Google Books. I have the option of 'snippet view' only for this particular book. It also applies to "New Notes of California Libraries" which I found at the same time. Strangely it goes directly to the snippet view, not the page number 'link'. To experiment I checked a couple other volumes of The Pacific Reporter and I had no problems, full page view, not snippet view.

    Used your url link, same issue.

    1. Rosemary -- Could you drop me a line at ? I'd like to understand why you're getting such a strange / variant response. Thanks.

  5. It is not possible to get into Pacific Reporter v 103.

    Whilst I was chewing away on this seemingly impossible challenge yesterday I Searched [fancher genealogy] and found there is lots on the web. Pertaining to this situation it looks to me to be the case that Jonathon W Fancher is the deceased's brother (a San Francisco lawyer) and that Lee R Fancher is his son whose real name is Levi R. Fancher. This is of no real significance but I found it yesterday. A father/son duel. Not verified.

    I got the monument instantly. I found the reference to the Ladies Library [Literature] Club pretty quick but I could not find any other mention of donors despite what seemed like hours of trying this and then trying that.


  6. Hi Dr. Russell and RoseMary.

    I found a link in which the Book (Journal) that Dr. Russell share can be read. In case that you still can read it as it happens to me.

    [Library journal volume 36] to find: Library Journal archives

    There I found: and here we can read the Journal.

    Lesson for me. If book shows something that can be the answer, search another option to read the book.

    Have a nice day.

  7. Gracias! I too found away around the snippet view involving proxies but I will give your links a go. The more ways we know, the better the search results. Thanks for sharing and I hope we can help each other in the future. Its great to learn in this environment.